恭賀本月機經班同學一戰考取720高分,今天再來分享一題有來源的修辭題目。

 

The second great leap forward in bridge building would not occur until the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century. A major impetus was the newly invented railroad, which created the need for bridges that could span rivers and carry the heavy loads of steam engines and their freight. [The first bridge made of cast iron was a semi-circular arch supporting a roadway constructed over the Severn River in Coalbrookdale, England, in 1779. ]

                                                                     ~資料來源:維基百科~

 

題目的原文就是框起來的部分,但是句子的後半段出題者又加了一串句子,而這添加的句子也是本題畫線的部分。

The first bridge made of cast iron was a semi-circular arch supporting a roadway constructed over the Severn River in Coalbrookdale, England, in 1779, ___________________

 

本題選項中可以把選項粗分兩種類型:
I which was the only span…
II and was the only span…

 

本題不難,用功的小伙伴在觀察出選項的差異後,應該都已經知道本題一定考「平衡法」還有「代名詞」。

還沒有感覺的同學,我們在這邊再次提醒:

看到了「and」就要思考平衡的問題,平衡的單位可能有名詞、動詞、形容詞、片語甚至於句子。至於平衡,請同學務必要稍微讀一下句子的意思再來確認平衡,在實際的考題裡頭,已經有不少修辭的題目要從句意上來判斷平衡,長相最漂亮的答案反而是「文法對,句意錯。」 所以建議同學們在學習一些修辭技巧時,不要盲目地死背硬記技巧,應該要動動腦筋思考為什麼?

 

扯遠了,回到本題,這題同學們看到關係代名詞which時就要思考關係代名詞指涉的問題,在這裡which在句意上指的是主詞bridge,這樣子關係代名詞先行詞太~~~~遠了,也不符合我們上課時莫老師教授因「輕重問題」而把形容詞子句後移的條件,所以I)類型的答案我們就先刪掉,剩下的選項中,出題者在span後面做了動詞的變化,依照本題句意,我們應該選擇使用過去簡單式(and was the only span that survived)即可,而非完成式。

 

 

最後和我們上課時一樣,幫同學補充一些容易忘掉的重點:

1. the only N + 關代…   (這個關代一定要用that!)
   <補充其他關代一定要用that的情況>

      (a) 先行詞是「人+物」    
       I saw Stacy and her dog that were running in the park.
   (b) 先行詞前面有序數
       John is the first boy that came last week.
   (c) 先行詞前面有all ; no ; every ; any ; the only ; the same ; the very
       He is the only student that can answer professor’s question.
      (d) 形容詞子句在以who ; which ; what為首的問句中 (這主要是避免用字重複)
       Who is the girl that has long hair?

 

GMAT高頻字彙下載:http://goo.gl/xX1p2e

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